President Trump and the Way Ahead on Defense: The Perspectives of Secretary Wynne



With the election of President Trump, a key question is how he will pursue national security and how he will shape American defense capabilities in the period ahead.

He has clearly indicated that he does not want to send the US military on ill defined operations with questionable strategic purpose; he has indicated the need for shaping a more effective and targeted strategic policy.

With regard to what President Trump will do in defense, we will republish two recent op-eds by Secretary Michael Wynne with regard to a possible way ahead to provide some specifics on how things might change.

The first op-ed appeared on Breaking Defense and the second on Florida Today.

After eight years of reckless cuts to national defense, discarded “red lines”, emboldened competitors, and discouraged allies, the American people are ready for a new direction in Washington. The time has come for not just a different approach, but a fundamental rethinking of what it takes to keep the United States safe and to advance our national interests, in short, to make America great again in the eyes of the world. In all of the military domains — ground, marine, air, space, and cyberspace — we need to restore US leadership.

Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton have not shown interest in appropriately resourcing our military, with the president presiding over hundreds of billions in dollars in cuts to national defense, an unprecedented readiness crisis, and the shrinking of our military to near historic lows. As a presidential candidate, Hillary Clinton has failed to discuss our national defense at all, refusing to address a subject that will, perhaps more than any other, shape the next Commander-in-Chief’s options on the world stage.

President Elect Trump delivering his victory speech at the New York Hilton, November 9, 2016.
President Elect Trump delivering his victory speech at the New York Hilton, November 9, 2016.

By contrast, Donald Trump has laid out a comprehensive, detailed, and forward-looking vision for the future of the American military. It is predicated on “peace through strength” and a sober appraisal of US national interests. Mr. Trump understands that, without a revitalized and strengthened military, the ability to shape events globally to our advantage is substantially diminished. He understands the crisis our military is facing, both now and long-term if current trends persist, and has vowed at nearly every campaign stop to make rebuilding our military a national project.

The facts are clear and disturbing. Under the Obama administration, the Navy has shrunk to its smallest size since World War I. The Army is the smallest it has been since before World War II. The Air Force is the smallest in its history, and its aircraft are the oldest. Readiness levels across the services are the worst in a generation, with pilots facing significantly reduced cockpit time and deferring critical maintenance, Navy ships and crews deploying as long as 10 months, and Army units are deferring critical training before deployments. The horror story of naval aviators taking spare aircraft parts from museums to keep their planes flying is simply unacceptable for those who wear our nation’s uniform.

Donald Trump’s agenda for the first 100 days of his presidency includes working with Congress, on a bipartisan basis, to repeal defense sequestration. Without this essential step, our military will continue to struggle to plan strategically and resources will be misallocated. He has correctly identified it as the source of so many of our national defense problems, and only by eliminating the sequester can we begin moving in the right direction.

Mr. Trump has called for building toward a 350-ship Navy, a recommendation echoed by the bipartisan, high-level National Defense Panel. He has spoken of his desire to rebuild our surface fleet and undersea capabilities, and to continue investment in the DDG-51 Flight III guided missile destroyer. Further, he has called for modernizing a significant number of the Navy’s Ticonderoga-class cruisers, which the Obama Administration has unsuccessfully tried to dismantle and then refused to seriously modernize. Both our cruisers and the Flight III of DDG-51 are essential to the comprehensive ballistic missile defense system Mr. Trump has proposed, which is critical given the growing missile capabilities of North Korea and Iran.

Mr. Trump has adopted the recommendations of respected defense thinkers at the Heritage Foundation to increase the Air Force’s active fighter inventory to 1,200 and to grow the Marine Corps from 27 to 36 battalions. The Air Force is facing growing challenges as Russia and China invest in new, fifth-generation aircraft. He sees that parity in the Air is unacceptable, and must be rejected as a policy. The Marine Corps, after 15 years of constant ground warfare, is desperately in need of recapitalization.

Under the Trump plan, the Army will grow from 490,000 soldiers today to an active end-strength of 540,00, the number that the Army’s Chief of Staff has told Congress he requires. Given today’s threats, it is only prudent to bring the Army’s force structure back closer with the average of recent decades.

During President Reagan’s rebuilding of our Navy in the 1980s, the US was blessed with a truly national defense industrial base. Today, after decades of defense reductions, our defense industry is significantly smaller and concentrated in a handful of locations. The Trump plan will require a truly national effort, with a reinvestment in places like the Philadelphia Navy Yard that have a long history of service to our military, room for expansion, and proximity to vibrant private industry. Utilizing these assets will relieve stress on our already over-burdened industrial base and facilitate the expansion Mr. Trump envisions.

For example, there exists a real need to invest in the skilled civilian craftsmen who build and repair our Navy’s ships. Just like career military officers receive continuing professional education as they progress toward the pinnacle of their careers, these craftsmen require additional investment in their skills as they approach the “master craftsman” level. To that end, Mr. Trump will establish “centers of excellence” in places like Portsmouth, New Hampshire; Hampton Roads in Virginia; and the Philadelphia Navy Yard. Only by harnessing all of our nation’s capabilities can we truly rebuild the military.

The choice on November 8th is clear. China and Russia are rapidly modernizing their militaries and their cyber abilities. Iran and North Korea are on track to obtain nuclear weapons with sophisticated ballistic missile capabilities. ISIS and other Islamist terror organizations remain serious threats. The United States military must be readied to meet each of these challenges, and only Donald Trump has proposed a serious plan to do so. Our country and the world simply cannot afford another four years of military and national decline.

Florida is home to over 1.5 million veterans, with a significant number residing here along the Space Coast.

Our veterans know firsthand the challenges facing our military and understand the need for strong, decisive leadership from our commander-in-chief.

Unfortunately, over the last eight years, the United States has been lacking the leadership we need to keep our country safe and advance our interests around the world. Though our military remains stalwart, it is seriously stretched.

Under Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton, Russia and China are emphasizing their military and cyber capabilities while acting increasingly assertive in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and the Asia-Pacific. Iran and North Korea are advancing toward nuclear weapons with sophisticated ballistic missile capabilities. And ISIS and other Islamist extremists now pose a serious threat to Western Europe and even the U.S. homeland.

Yet while these dangers have mounted, the Obama administration has presided over record declines in our military capacity and capability. The Air Force is the smallest and oldest it has ever been. The Army is the smallest since before World War II.

And the Navy is the smallest since World War I. Under sequestration, our services are experiencing the worst readiness crisis in over a generation, with training hours curtailed, maintenance on aircraft and vehicles deferred, and some pilots even forced to take spare parts for their planes from museums. Frankly, our serving Military deserves more.

Donald Trump has proposed the most significant investment in national defense since Ronald Reagan’s presidency. Hillary Clinton, by contrast, has been completely silent on the crisis facing our military.

The Trump plan, which was endorsed by 35 of the country’s leading defense experts, calls for immediately working with Congress, on a bipartisan basis, to remove sequestration from defense so our services can get the stability they need. Under a Trump presidency, our men and women in uniform will never be sent into harm’s way without the training and equipment they need to be successful and return home safely.

Under Mr. Trump’s plan, the Air Force will grow to 1,200 fighter aircraft, which an independent analysis says is required to meet today’s threats. The Air Force’s next generation bomber, emerging right here in Brevard is very high on the agenda. The Army will expand from 490,000 active soldiers to 540,000, the number the Army’s chief of staff says he needs. The Navy will grow to 350 ships from 272 today, as recommended by the bipartisan National Defense Panel. And the Marine Corps, in need of urgent recapitalization after fifteen years of protracted ground combat, will expand from 27 to 36 battalions.

Florida, and the Space Coast, will play a major role in Mr. Trump’s defense agenda. This includes protecting our nation’s satellites, and readying formidable replacements as we prepare to protect our leadership position in space. He has proposed a comprehensive missile defense system, involving our Navy’s cruisers and space-based early warning and detection capabilities to counter growing missile threats. The Air Force’s Technical Applications Center at Patrick Air Force Base will be an important part of protecting our nation from Weapons of Mass Destruction challenges.

Mr. Trump clearly recognizes the challenges facing our country in outer space, given the investments being made by potential competitors like Russia and China in anti-satellite weapons and hypersonic missiles than can overwhelm traditional missile defense systems. The United States cannot fall behind in emerging technologies like hypersonics, and the men and women of the Space Coast’s aerospace industry will be on the front lines of this effort. Mr. Trump has committed to sustaining the type of investment our aerospace sector needs through real public-private partnerships that will produce the technologies of the future.

Under a Trump Administration, NASA will regain its critical role as a leader in outer space research and innovation while the private sector partners keep innovating. With the right policies, this region is on the cusp of becoming a center of advanced aerospace manufacturing, providing new, high-paying jobs, whether in Titusville or the Melbourne area.

Donald Trump’s vision for national security is based on strength, at home and abroad. By rebuilding our military and investing to restore American leadership in the Space domain, Mr. Trump has found the right ingredients to ensure peace abroad and prosperity at home.

The people of the Space Coast, and across the United States, have a clear choice on November 8.