2017-07-20 The crew of the Coast Guard Cutter Healy, a 420-foot Medium Icebreaker homeported in Seattle, conducts a shakedown cruise around the Puget Sound, May 22, 2017.
As part of Healy’s preparations for their Arctic West Summer 2017 deployment, they conducted flight operations with an aircrew from Coast Guard Sector Field Office/Air Station Port Angeles.
PUGET SOUND, WA, UNITED STATES
Video by Petty Officer 3rd Class Amanda Norcross
U.S. Coast Guard District 13
In our 2011 interview with Rear Admiral Garrett, we discussed how the ice breaker plays a key role in Arctic region.
SLD: A lot of folks Inside the Beltway say that these Arctic missions are very futuristic, and some would argue that we’re in a financial crisis and we can’t afford an Arctic presence. How does our inability to play going to affect our interest in the very near-term?
Garret: To get to the first part of your question, the Icebreakers are clearly very expensive ships compared to others. But really, the perspective should be what is the cost of not having an Icebreaker? If you have a major contingency in the Arctic, whether it’s security related, oil spill related, or something like that, even search-and-rescue, or tourism ships getting in trouble, you have no way of responding. And the cost of not being able to respond to those things may be very high.
The Icebreaker is an insurance policy against future contingencies in a rapidly transforming Arctic.
SLD: We were talking a little bit earlier about, in effect, about a fleet concept, which would include the Arctic. The way we’ve looked at it is a Pacific strategy from the Arctic to Australia. And you were focusing very much on building some commonality of the National Security Cutter fleet that would be in the Pacific and with the Coast Guard with a evolving icebreaker fleet. How would that work? What’s your vision of integrating NSCs and future Icebreakers?
Garret: What’s changed for the Coast Guard is that the Icebreaker fleet no longer is just performing science and missions for other agencies. It’s now becoming a core Coast Guard asset in terms of being able to execute Coast Guard responsibilities in the Arctic, and in the Antarctic, for that matter.
A future Icebreaker is essentially a national security cutter set of capabilities with the additional ability to operate in ice covered waters, and for extended periods of time. So really, it’s not an odd animal that’s kind of an add-on to the Coast Guard fleet; it’s really central to the whole core concept of being able to do Coast Guard missions at sea a long way from homeport.
And I think the ability for these kinds of ships to exert a surface presence, in a whole range of things from the most simple peacetime task, such as search-and-rescue, to all the way up to security and defense related issues is a highly effective tool that the United States needs.
SLD: And I guess the final point is when you say surface presence, of course, there are air assets coming off of these Icebreakers as well. And as we go over time, we’re going to have to build out the capabilities of what could be on that ship.
Garret: Absolutely. I think having rotary wing assets on the ship is a key part of this.
The icebreakers have a lot of other capabilities, which include the ability to have sophisticated command-and-control communication systems, to carry cargo, to have container spots on deck so you can modularize a lot of your mission packages when you want to specialize it for certain missions. There are other aspects as well such as extra berthing, an ability to carry small boats, etc.
It’s really a floating base in the Arctic, in a place where there really is no infrastructure.