The Allied Transformation Command: Shaping A Common Technological Awareness Within NATO

04/24/2018

By Murielle Delaporte

Being ready for the next battles and imagining new forms of combat beyond Maginot lines require to “bring tomorrow’s topics to the table ,“ and especially the tables where national political decision-makers meet.

For General Mercier, one of ACT’s main missions is indeed to raise the Western leaderships’ technological awareness.

There are two goals for such an activity.

First, no one wants to be caught by surprise by an adversary’s potential breakthrough in developing or capitalizing on a new technology.

Second, it is important for alliance operational cohesion that each nation is comfortable with the set of rules framing the use of disruptive technologies, and in some cases shaping new concepts of operations generated by those innovations.

ACT has developed in the past seven years an “innovation hub “with a mission “to monitor and master all topics related to disruptive technologies, “explains Major Cedric Sauvion, Staff Officer in the Future Solutions Branch[1].

Here ACT joins forces with industry, academia, think tanks etc, in particular via NATO Industry Forum or NIF branded events, but also holds video conferences held on a regular basis with a large number of participants and experts.

And, if there is one single issue which the Transformation Chief is focused on it is dealing with and mastering the challenges and leveraging Big Data trends.

Big data is THE strategic resource by excellence.

It is everywhere.

Why do we interoperability?

In order to share data via connected systems.

Why do we do cyber?

To protect data as well as data exchange, and be aware of an attack, so that there is no doubt about the reliability and accuracy of the latter.

But the real issue is how do we manage an increasing amount of data the human brain cannot process alone anymore: in other word, to which extent do we introduce artificial intelligence (AI) in our military digital architectures?

That is, from my point of view, the key issue we need to address beforehand.

And that is what our “Autonomy project” is all about, since I am not convinced every nation will accept the same level of AI,” General Mercier underscored.

The shift from “data management” to “data managing” and the human-machine teaming evolution brings a genuine deontological ethical debate to the forefront.

This debate has already partially addressed a posteriori when the Obama administration used armed drones on a regular basis against terror groups provoking numerous voices of opposition in various parts of the world.

Indeed, for François du Cluzel, CAPDEV/CEI/Future Solutions Branch, “what one has to be aware of is that all these technologies overlap with each other.

When you speak about autonomy, you cannot envision it without artificial intelligence, since it is a mean to an end to gain in autonomy.

With big data, the goal is to: first, protect our data; second, access our adversaries’data ; and three, manage data flow to obtain a Big Data Analytics via AI precisely, which will ensure that we can access quickly the right and useful information and are able to send it to the right recipient.

That is what is at stake.“[2]

Anticipating the impact of lethal autonomous weapon systems is a key task.

Many Western scientists consider this a “third revolution “ in military affairs.

Indeed this coming generation of “fast leaders “ is already confronted with tomorrow’s challenge, since the systems already exist and have been used.

These systems can actually – if used appropriately – save lives in operations, while AI is a fantastic opportunity to improve responsiveness in drastic ways.

Because it is a great resource equalizer since algorithmic warfare is cheaper than conventional weapons, even small nations within NATO do not have to be left out from this warfare revolution.

Furthermore, it is already alleviating the previously discussed problem of gaps in security levels among allies, by demonstrating the fact that it allows them to work together by using various sources of intelligence with different levels of clearance.

It has been the purpose of the last Unified Vision exercise, which is to be re-enacted this year and more generally of NATO’s Federated Mission Network to work this challenge unleashed by the “third revolution.”

For General Mercier, “Unified Vision can be considered as the successful first trial of the Federated ISR NATO Transformation Command is striving for.“[3].

The same way NATO is said to be “interoperable by design “, NATO Chiefs want to make it “Flexible by design.“

The goal is to have both the Command Structure on the one hand, and the nations’ armed forces, on the other hand, working closely together to face any type of military scenario thrown at them in the not so far away future.

Technology seems to allow such a vision and that is the whole point of the command structure reform announced at the recent NATO defense minister’s summit.

Footnotes

[1]Interview with General Mercier, ACT, Norforlk, January 2018

[2]Interview with Major Cedric Sauvion, Staff Officer in the Future Solutions Branch , ibid

[3]Interview with François du Cluzel, CAPDEV/CEI/Future Solutions Branch,, ibid

The reforms to NATO’s command structure are reviewed in the following NATO document released in February 2018.

1802-Factsheet-NATO-Command-Structure_en

A version of this article was first published by our partner:

A version encompassing this article and the previous one was published as one article by our partner Front Line Defence in Issue 2, 2018.

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The first of this two part article can be read here: